12 Then said he unto me, Son of man, hast thou seen what the ancients of the house of … (c) De Dea Syria. I. So Luther apud Dieteric. Ezekiel 8:13. “ — — — Tammuz came next behind, Whose annual wound in Lebanon allured The Syrian damsels to lament his fate, In am’rous ditties all a summer’s day, While smooth Adonis, from his native rock, Ran purple to the sea, supposed with blood Of Tammuz, yearly wounded: the love-tale Infected Sion’s daughters with like heat, Whose wanton passions, in the sacred porch, Ezekiel saw, when by the vision led His eye survey’d the dark idolatries Of alienated Judah — — — .” PARADISE LOST b. Bibl. About this book 1. par. Ezek. Targum here calls the house of the sanctuary of the Lord; that Bible commentary on the Book of Ezekiel, chapter 14, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. In this chapter, Ezekiel condemns the idolatry which he sees in the Jerusalem Temple. His conception of holiness, which stands in sharp contrast to Isaiah's, became dominant in the period that followed his people's return from Babylonian exile. Of the abominations which come to be represented in this vision of our prophet there are four: (1) after an introduction ( Ezekiel 8:1-4), the image of jealousy, Ezekiel 8:5-6; (2) the idolatry in the secret place of the chambers of imagery, Ezekiel 8:7-13; (3) the mourning for Tammuz, Ezekiel 8:14-15; (4) the worship of the sun, with a closing threatening of God, Ezekiel … the sacrifices offered; and therefore it was the greater Then he brought me to the door of the gate of the An annual feast was celebrated to him in June (hence called Tammuz in the Jewish calendar) at Byblos, when the Syrian women, in wild grief, tore off their hair and yielded their persons to prostitution, consecrating the hire of their infamy to Venus; next followed days of rejoicing for his return to the earth; the former feast being called "the disappearance of Adonis," the latter, "the finding of Adonis." PREVIOUS NEXT. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. It came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth [month], on the fifth of the month, … Intro: In this chapter, God speaks of how He took an outcast Bedouin family and made them a strong, beautiful nation. This view has not been shaken even by the objections raised by Chwolson in his Ssaabins (II. Ezekiel 8:14. Ezekiel 8:1 And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth … Kimchi relates various interpretations Middot, c. 5. sect. All rights reserved. Or else, the earth being clothed with beauty, during the half year when the sun is in the upper hemisphere, and losing it when he departs to the lower. F26; but, what was the greatest 9:33; 1 Pet. Vid. Jarchi says this was for they say, The Lord seeth vs not, the Lord hath forsaken the earth. idol, but the women, wept. Ezekiel 8:1-18.. He further observes, that Maimonides (a) writes, that he found written in one of the books of the ancient idolaters, that there was a man of the idolatrous prophets, whose name was Tammuz; who called to a certain king, and commanded him to worship the seven stars, and the twelve signs of the zodiac, for which the king put him to a violent death; and, the same night he died, all the images from the ends of the earth gathered together to the temple of Babylon, to a golden image which was the image of the sun; and this image was hanging between the heavens and the earth, and it fell into the midst of the temple, and so all the images round about it; and it declared unto them what had happened to Tammuz the prophet; and all the images wept and lamented all that night; and when it was morning, they all fled to their temples at the ends of the earth; and this became an everlasting statute to them, that at the beginning of the first day of the month Tammuz, every year, they lament and weeps for Tammuz; and there are others that expound Tammuz the name of a beast which they worship;''. and these being melted with the heat, it seemed to weep; Ezekiel 2:1 And he said unto me, Son of man, stand upon thy feet, and I will speak unto thee. Ezekiel 16. Under the weeping for Thammuz, Jerome (with Melito of Sardis and all the Greek Fathers) has correctly recognised the worship of Adonis. Ezekiel 8:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ezekiel 8:14, NIV: "Then he brought me to the entrance of the north gate of the house of the LORD, and I saw women sitting there, mourning the god Tammuz." Judah, and of the family of David, were allowed in the temple Serran. —The prophet is now taken to the north gate of the outer enclosure of the Temple courts, and there sees a new and exceedingly corrupt form of idolatry. NIV ©: Then he brought me to the entrance to the north gate of the house of the LORD, and I saw women sitting there, mourning for Tammuz. ), his relics of early Babylonian literature (p. 101), and his Tammuz and human-worship among the ancient Babylonians. Tammuz: The etymology of the word Tammuz is doubtful. Ezekiel 16:8-14 New International Version (NIV). 4. Ezekiel 8:14, ESV: "Then he brought me to the entrance of the north gate of the house of the LORD, and … The worship of Adonis had its headquarters at Byblos, where at certain periods of the year the stream, becoming stained by mountain floods, was popularly said to be red with the blood of Adonis. After the … 28:16) will become a stumbling block to some. Lucian (c) gives a particular account of this ceremony, as performed at Byblus, a city in Phoenicia, not far from Judea; from whence the Jews might have borrowed this custom. His influence on the future development of Israel's religion was, at least for several centuries, greater than that of any of the other prophets. For the myth of Thammuz, mentioned in the Nabataean writings as a man who was put to death by the king of Babylon, whom he had commanded to introduce the worship of the seven planets and the twelve signs of the zodiac, and who was exalted to a god after his death, and honoured with a mourning festival, is nothing more than a refined interpretation of the very ancient nature-worship which spread over the whole of Hither Asia, and in which the power of the sun over the vegetation of the year was celebrated. The time of prophecy is noted, Ezekiel 29:1, the order to prophesy against Pharaoh, who is described as a large fish, lying in his rivers, and boasting of them, Ezekiel 29:2, his destruction and the manner of it, Ezekiel 29:4, the reason of it, his treachery to the Jews, Ezekiel 29:6, hence the whole land of Egypt is threatened … And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house with the elders of Judah sitting before me, that the hand of the Lord GOD fell upon me there. It is probably a contraction of תּמזוּז, from מזז equals מסס, so that it denotes the decay of the force of nature, and corresponds to the Greek ἀφανισμὸς ̓Αδώνιδος (see Hvernick in loc.). been; but at the northern gate, near the place of sacrifice; and (1) Ezekiel, the elders, and the hand of the LORD. Ver. Comment. One of these sins is lamenting for a pagan god named Tammuz. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. 118:22; Isa. 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